Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is a research technique that exploits the magnetic properties of certain atomic nuclei. It determines the physical and chemical properties of atoms or the molecules in which they are contained. It relies on the phenomenon of nuclear magnetic resonance and can provide detailed information about the structure, dynamics, reaction state, and chemical environment of molecules. The intramolecular magnetic field around an atom in a molecule changes the resonance frequency, thus giving access to details of the electronic structure of a molecule.
Most frequently, NMR spectroscopy is used by chemists and biochemists to investigate the properties of organic molecules, although it is applicable to any kind of sample that contains nuclei possessing spin. Suitable samples range from small compounds analyzed with 1-dimensional proton or carbon-13 NMR spectroscopy to large proteins or nucleic acids using 3 or 4-dimensional techniques. The impact of NMR spectroscopy on the sciences has been substantial because of the range of information and the diversity of samples, including solutions and solids.
We are a Biomedical Technology Research Center (BTRC) focused on the development of new technology for NMR spectroscopy and to make it available to the biomedical research community for structure determination of proteins in biological supramolecular assemblies, such as membrane proteins or virus particles.
Develop molecular biology, isotopic labeling and refolding of membrane proteins in phospholipid bilayers.
Design and construct probes for solid-state NMR of lossy samples.
Develop and implement new solid-state NMR experiments.
Develop methods to calculate protein structures from solid-state NMR experimental data.
The ‘Bubble’ is the air-supported structure that houses the instrumentation of the Resource. The building meets the demanding requirements of high-field NMR magnets. It has a very high ceiling and has no steel-containing beams, pillars, or columns so as to not interfere with the homogeneity of the magnets or the placement of the equipment. The insulated double skin design ensures excellent temperature regulation.
The purpose of the facility is to create high-resolution images of proteins that represent their shape and arrangement, atom-by-atom. It’s critical information with a direct link to human health.
Each NMR spectrometer houses a superconducting magnet, chilled with liquid helium to temperatures approaching absolute zero. Vials of purified protein, embedded in double-layer membranes just as they would be in cells, fit into custom-designed instruments inserted into the core of the magnet.
Within the strong magnetic field, radio frequency pulses perturb the atoms that make up the protein. How each atom responds depends on their proximity to adjacent atoms.
To obtain proteins for structure determination it is important to have the opportunity to produce recombinant proteins as efficiently as possible. For this purpose recently many molecular biology techniques have been introduced in the wet-lab allowing both the production and purification of novel proteins as well as the production of mutants of these proteins. Additionally, various bioassays can be implemented in the lab such as protein-protein and protein-DNA interaction assays. The molecular biological and biochemical experiments will provide additional opportunities to answer questions concerning both structure and function of the studied proteins.
Our team maintains a well equipped wet-lab permitting most biochemical and molecular biology experiments to be performed. Normal laboratory facilities such as, pH electrodes, centrifuges, water baths, balances, a sonificator, a speedvac, various gel-electrophoresis systems, a gel imaging system and a stereo-equipment are available, as well as equipment for most biochemical and molecular biological experiments, such as sequencing, protein-protein and protein-DNA interactions. The laboratory permits us to produce and purify the proteins required for structure determination by NMR.
This work area is equipped with several test instruments, including a Hewlett Packard 8752A 300 kHz – 1.3 GHz Network Analyzer and a Hewlett Packard 4815A 0.5 – 108 MHz Vector Impedance Meter. The electronics shop shares one of four oscilloscopes with the spectrometers including, Tektronics models TDS 5104 (1 GHz), TDS 782A (1 GHz), TDS 3052B (500 MHz) and One Agilent scope model H-P54835A. A Tektronics 2712 9 kHz – 1.8 GHz spectrum analyzer is also available. For construction and prototype development, the shop is equipped with a Microlux Mini Mill and Mini Lathe as well as a Craftsman table top drill press.